A total of 70 Iberian lynx pups were born in the wild in Castilla-La Mancha thanks to the program of reintroduction of the species in the region and with which it was achieved that in 2016 the first litter released in the region was born.
The Iberian lynx has more than 600 specimens in Spain and has gone from being a species cataloged in the category of conservation from 'critically endangered' to 'endangered' thanks to the program funded by 'Life + Iberlince' which ended in 2018 and in which Castilla-La Mancha has participated actively to contribute to the conservation of this species in the Iberian Peninsula.
In Castilla-La Mancha, a total of 70 Iberian lynx specimens were reintroduced into the wild, both in the Montes de Toledo mountains and in the Sierra Morena Oriental (Ciudad Real), and 70 offspring were born in the wild from the first litter of 2016 , something that, according to the Minister of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Development, Francisco Martínez, "seemed unthinkable and today is a reality thanks to the effort made between all."
The European project 'Life + Iberlince' in which the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura and Murcia, have been involved in Spain, has made possible since 2011 and until this year the establishment of four new populations of the species with at least five breeding females in each of them.
In Castilla-La Mancha, from the company Fomento y Medio Ambiente of Castilla-La Mancha (Fomecam) have been installed information posters in the areas of action of the project 'Iberlince', a total of three in the province in Toledo, Mazarambroz, Las Sales with Peña Aguilera and San Pablo de los Montes, and two in Ciudad Real, in the municipal areas of Viso del Marqués and Almuradiel.
The next program will work to consolidate the existing populations, until reaching at least 20 territorial females and connect the Iberian lynx nuclei that exist in the Peninsula, through the so-called 'natural corridors of the species'.
In the case of Castilla-La Mancha, Martinez explained that priority connections for the species would go through the exchange of specimens between the Montes de Toledo and Sierra Morena, the two existing reintroduction areas and where the Iberian lynx sits, with the other populations of the project, mainly in Extremadura and Andalusia.
In this way, the corridors between the Montes de Toledo and Sierra Morena, through the ZEC of Picón in Ciudad Real and the Cabañeros National Park; Montes de Toledo and Matachel (Extremadura) through the Toledo region of La Jara and Extremadura of Las Villuercas, or the natural connection between Sierra Morena and Andújar through the Guarrizas area (Jaén).