51.2% of the Spanish employed works more than 40 hours a week, the maximum legal day established, according to the data of the Survey of Active Population (EPA) published today by the National Institute of Statistics (INE) in its Survey of Quality of Life Indicators. In principle you can not work more than that limit fixed by law except with overtime.
These statistics correspond to the year 2017. In that yearl 8.3% of workers had days of 49 hours or more. "The structure of the labor market in recent years due to the economic crisis and the need to adapt to the difficult conditions of this market, has contributed significantly to changes in working hours," says the INE note.
As can be seen from the data on average hours worked by the EPA, there are always longer journeys between self-employed workers and employers. Also in the private sector more than in the public. And among men more than women. By age, those who work more than 40 hours are in the range between 25 and 34 years with 55% of them. And this percentage decreases with increasing age. However, interestingly, the exact opposite occurs with the percentage of people who work 49 hours or more: it rises with age. Between 50 and 64 years old, 9.8% perform 49 hours or more. Maybe because of the greater responsibilities.
According to the level of education, the less training you have, the more hours you work: with an education obtained up to the first stage secondary school, 56% add more than 40 hours per week. With up to secondary secondary and post-secondary not higher, 51% work more than 40 hours. With higher grade, only 46% have days of more than 40 hours.
These figures contrast with those of other European countries. For example, in Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary more than 80% of the workforce works above 40 hours. In Poland, 75%. In Greece, 72%. In Portugal, 56%. Among the richest and therefore most productive countries, in Italy, 50% work more than 40 hours. In Germany, 45%; in Finland, 35%; in France, 28%; in Denmark, 25%.
The communities that have more busy with days over 40 hours were Canarias and Baleares (55.6%), Catalonia (55.4%), Murcia (54.7%), Aragón (53.0%), Castilla-La Mancha (52.7%), La Rioja (52.6%) and Madrid (52.3%). The autonomies with fewer workers with long working days were: Ceuta (35.3%), Melilla (38.2%), Basque Country (43.0%), Asturias (45.2%), Extremadura (46.8%), Navarre (47.5%), Andalusia (47.5%), Castilla y León (48.9%) and Galicia (50.0%).
If only workers who work days of 49 hours or more are attended, the communities that most concentrate this type of employed are: Castilla-La Mancha (11.2%), Comunidad Valenciana (10.4%), Murcia (10 , 3%), Aragón (10.1%), Castilla y León (9.8%) and Galicia (9.8%). On the contrary, those that presented lower percentages of this type of employed are: Ceuta (4.7%), Canary Islands (5.3%), Navarre (5.6%), Basque Country (5.9%) and Catalonia (6.1%).