One in four LGBTI people in Spain says they have recently been harassed due to their sexual orientation, while 8% have even been the victim of physical or sexual attacks in the last five years, violence rates that are especially high among trans intersex.
This is reflected in the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) of the European Union (EU) in the largest survey ever carried out on discrimination and intolerance suffered by lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transsexuals and intersexes, published today in Vienna.
Comparing this study with the smallest study carried out in 2012, the FRA concludes that "few general advances are observed throughout the seven years".
The survey was conducted between May and July of last year among 144,000 residents of the EU, plus the United Kingdom, Serbia and Macedonia, who identified themselves as members of the LGBTI community.
Compared to 41% of respondents in Spain who claimed to have been harassed due to their LGBTI status in the 12 months before the survey, the European average is 38%.
8% of respondents in Spain say they have been the victim of physical or sexual attacks in the five years prior to the report, compared to 11% for the European average.
TRANS AND INTERSEXUAL
The data reflects that it is transsexuals and intersexes who suffer the most violence, intolerance and discrimination.
Thus, bullying affects 51% of trans and 52% of intersex in Spain, while physical or sexual attacks reach 15% and 19 respectively.
Discrimination affects these two groups much more in areas such as work, when looking for housing or making purchases.
IN SPAIN, LESS HIDDEN
Compared to the European average, the figures show a better situation in Spain, far from being good, regarding how willing or safe LGBTI people feel when it comes to openly showing their sexual orientation.
Thus, 48% of those surveyed say that they avoid holding hands in public with their partner, 13 percentage points less than the average, and 53 say they openly show their sexual orientation, compared to 47% in average Europe.
Again, it is transsexuals and intersexes who hide their sexual orientation the most.
CONFIDENCE IN THE GOVERNMENT
In relation to the evolution of the levels of discrimination in Spain, 43% say that prejudice and intolerance have decreased in the last five years, compared to 36 who say they have risen.
43% of those surveyed in Spain affirm that the Government effectively fights intolerance against the LGBTI community, compared to 33% in Europe.
Likewise, 38% in Spain believe that the authorities respond adequately to the security needs of LGBTI people, eleven points more than the average.
HARASSMENT AT SCHOOL
26% of LGBTI schoolchildren, between 15 and 17 years old, hide their sexual orientation in schools, and 49% report having been bullied, in figures similar to the European average.
Comparatively, the situation is better in the degree of support they receive at school.
Thus, 74% say they have received support from colleagues or teachers in defending their rights, compared to an average of 60% among the 27 EU partners.
Furthermore, 42% affirm that the LGBTI issue has been treated in a positive or balanced way in the educational system, nine points more than in the European average.