40% of companies work overtime due to production peaks

Two workers, in a factory. / ARCHIVE

Only 30% hire more staff, mostly large transport companies, and even 35% do not replace the sick leave of their workers

Lucia Palacios

Four out of ten Spanish companies, 40.5%, resort to the use of overtime in the face of possible work peaks to maintain productivity, compared to other solutions such as hiring more staff or dedicating resources from other areas, which are used more extent. This is reflected in the Adecco Outsourcing Barometer on productivity and efficiency that was published this Tuesday and is based on a survey of more than 2,000 Spanish directors, managers and middle managers.

In second place, 30.5% indicate using contracting (directly or with a third party) and another 29% mention that the company resorts to internal staff from other areas, previously trained, as ways of acting in the event of eventual work peaks.

Larger companies and those operating in the transport sector are the ones who, to a greater extent than the rest, indicate that they contract (directly or with a third party) in the face of eventual work peaks, compared to small and medium-sized companies (less than 250 employees) whose reinforcement is based on a higher average in the use of overtime.

In the same sense, two out of every three companies surveyed (64.87%) declare that they replace the absence of workers, either always (24.7%) or when the absences are greater than 15 days (40.2%). On the other hand, one in three respondents indicates that their company does not replace workers or that it only does so in exceptional cases (35.1%).

As the size of the company increases, the absences of workers that are greater than 15 days are replaced in a greater proportion than smaller companies, where there are only substitutions in exceptional cases.

The eternal debate of the variable

For a long time, there has been a broad debate in society about linking salaries to productivity, although there are still few companies that establish their remuneration policies following this criterion, according to this study. Specifically, 69% of the companies indicate that they apply variable remuneration based on objectives or productivity regardless of the applicable labor agreement. However, less than half (48.1%) apply it to all the employees linked to the process and 20.9% only to managers. At the other extreme, 31% declare that their company does not apply variable remuneration based on objectives or productivity.

Another effective way to improve productivity is training. For this reason, more than two out of every three employees (67.4%) indicate that specific training plans are applied in their company with the aim of improving the productivity and efficiency of human resources. It is in large or very large companies that, to a greater extent than in smaller companies, plans are applied to improve the productivity and efficiency of workers.

"Spain is one of the countries with the lowest labor productivity in the OECD, having also widened the distance with the rest of the countries in the last 25 years," said Javier Blasco, director of the Adecco Group Institute, during the presentation press conference . Blasco also pointed out that while the rest of the states increase productivity in economic growth cycles, here, in times of crisis and recession, productivity is greater than in expansionary cycles.

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