Google, Terra Y Amazon top the list of websites that have contributed the most to making the Internet what it is today in Spain. EL PAÍS asked a broad group of programmers, entrepreneurs, professors or lawyers linked from the beginning to Internet to make a personal list of 15 relevant websites. 17 specialists responded with disparate selections.
The result gives an idea of what the Internet has been in Spain during these three decades: a handful of international monsters and national giants mixed with others that disappeared, a group of irreverent websites that show the rebel power of the Network and a third set of companies from various sectors (media, commerce, banking) converted into digital heavyweights.
The challenge was, in part, an impossible game: how to compare a website with a huge impact but a short life with a less central website but with a long life? Or how to relate international giants with obviously smaller Spanish initiatives but with a lot of penetration? The objective of the group of experts was to measure this contradiction in the best possible way.
THE WEBSETS THAT HAVE FORMED THE INTERNET THAT WE KNOW TODAY
The selection of 17 Spanish experts
Geography is difficult to define on the Internet. The condition for choosing the websites is that they would have had an impact on the ".es", whatever the origin of the company. The objective was to mix multinationals that adapted with their personality to each country with local initiatives of sufficient weight: Forum cars he occupied the space of Reddit; Menéame, from Digg; Terra that of AOL. The balance was difficult and hence the rare but plausible combination that has come from 51 relevant websites for a Spanish audience.
Each expert distributed 100 points. Few fulfilled the requirement to limit themselves to 15 websites. Those who surpassed that number distributed their 100 points between more aspirants, with what selection had more names but less unique value. The criterion for the distribution of the points was simple: 50 points were distributed evenly among all the selected websites and the other 50 proportionally, depending on the place they occupied on the list. In the list are all the websites that received votes from at least two panelists.
Some specialists chose to give importance to tools that have been vital, but that have not been purely webs. In the end the limit tends to be confused but we have chosen to leave out the electronic mail or the messaging services like IRC-Hispano, the services peer-to-peer as Napster o Emulate, browsers or content management systems such as WordPress.
The list offers curious details. Next to Google, Amazon Y Wikipedia, Terra appears, Infojobs, Idealist and Tuenti. According to the panel are the great Spanish success stories: a portal and a missing social network and two dominant websites in employment and rental and purchase of housing. "Terra was important for the Spanish Internet itself, as the first pioneering and ambitious project, and as the cradle of many other start ups of the sector in our country ", says Rosalía Lloret, Director of Institutional Relations of the Online Publishers Association Europe. "But the influence of giants like Google or Facebook in the entire conceptual structure of Internet business in the world is at absolutely another level," he adds. It's difficult to understand the impact of Terra today, but it marked an era: "It played an important role in the beginnings of the Internet in Spain because it coincided with the" dotcom "bubble and was worth more than BBVA on the stock exchange," says lawyer Borja Adsuara.
The 14th position of Facebook It is also significant. The mixture of the Spanish focus, the recent scandals and their subsequent appearance to the pioneers have been able to affect their classification. In logical terms, nobody can defend that Tuenti is above Facebook. But part of the challenge was to make these absurd differences look like: "Facebook is what it is but at the time it was more iconic Tuenti. We discovered the social network to which we had more time there, "says Iñaki Arrola, founding partner of K Fund.
The importance of Facebook is central even for its critics: "Talking well about Facebook is not fashionable. I criticize the service outright. That does not mean that it does not recognize the enormous impact that it has and will continue to have on what the web has become, "says lawyer Paloma Llaneza.
It is difficult to understand the impact of Terra today, but it marked a time
The contracultural and ambiguous facet of the web looks good from the 10th position: Forocoches, Menéame, arise Softonic, The vague corner or Barrapunto. "It seems a bit like the classical role of the most diverse subcultures, they are like places of worship, a bit of dark side," says Álvaro Ibáñez, co-founder of Microsiervos. But there are few Spaniards linked to the web who have not admired or doubted these websites: "When we were young they were used more than many renowned. We did homework in El Rincón while Google did not use it, "adds Arrola.
The members of the panel are: Borja Adsuara, lawyer, expert in digital law; María Teresa Arredondo, professor of bioengineering at the Higher Technical School of Telecommunications Engineers and director of the Vodafone chair at the Polytechnic University of Madrid; Iñaki Arrola, founding partner of K Fund; Carlos Barrabés, founder of Barrabes.es; María Benjumea, founder and CEO of Spain Startup and South Summit; Rodolfo Carpintier, founder and president of Digital Assets Deployment; Guillermo de Haro, Adjunct Professor at IE Business School; Ricardo Galli programmer, engineer, doctor in computer science and co-founder of Menéame; Pilar Gómez Borrero, developer of the digital editions of the Recoletos Group and manager of communication and social networks at Banco Santander; Álvaro Ibáñez, co-founder of Microsiervos; Paloma Llaneza, lawyer and author of Datanomics; Rosalía Lloret, Director of Institutional Relations of the Online Publishers Association Europe; Alfredo Reino, consultant in cybersecurity; Joana Sánchez, president of Inesdi Digital Business School and consultant Íncipy; Sisco Sapena, director of Lleida.net and was president of IRC-Hispano; Ignacio Somalo, founder of Lonesome Digital, and Mario Tascón, managing partner of Prodigioso Volcán.