"Young people have lost their anchor. We knew that the news began with the beep, the information, but they did not. The solution is to educate in the classroom, in the media literacy and data control. " The one who reflects is Clara Jiménez, from the website Maldita, dedicated to denying hoaxes, but her opinion is shared by many. Among them Google Spain and the Foundation against Drug Addiction, with the support of the media, have proposed to train 30,000 students aged 14 to 16 in two years to be able to detect and reject fake news. 80% of Spaniards worry about false news, according to the latest Eurobarometer. 52% claim to be able to identify that distorted information in front of 58% of Europeans.
The program (In) form is divided into three phases: observe, play and demonstrate. To develop the first stage, two videos have been recorded – in September there will be two more – in which experts teach how to distinguish information from opinion, how a war reporter works, how an informative or YouTube video is made. Then you can practice what you learned with a video game, Eraser, which presents an apocalyptic world in 2030 riddled with hoaxes. "We calculate that we need to dedicate four to six hours of class and we are aware that the schedules are very full. That's why we ask for the support of the teachers, "said Beatriz Martín, general director of the Foundation against Drug Addiction, at the presentation of the project at the headquarters for startups of Google in Madrid.
And finally, in the first half of 2020, with the support of mentors -professionals of the media- the children will be able to participate in a content exhibition competition with three categories: written expression, audiovisual content and social networks. "To have an active, responsible, conscious and participative citizenship, we must encourage critical thinking," said Martín. Thinking of the teachers, in September a didactic guide will be published to guide them in their work. "Critical thinking is the best antidote against misinformation and that's why Google believes that training is a key pillar of present and future."
The Spanish Philosophy Network claims an ethics course, among other reasons, so that students can distinguish the fake news. The president of the association, María José Guerra, says: "Faced with the irruption of post-truth, the philosophical disciplines are necessary: the incisive interrogation, the methodical doubt and the cautious skepticism that goes from Socrates to Descartes and Hume".