2nd UN Conference on the Oceans

Per capita consumption (CPC) of aquatic foods (excluding algae) is estimated to increase by 15% to 21.4 kg in 2030 as a continuation of the increase (at an average rate of 3%) since 1961

During this past week, the second conference (the first was held in 2017) of the United Nations on the oceans has been taking place in Lisbon, promoted jointly by the
Governments of Kenya and Portugal. The one scheduled for 2020 had to be postponed as a result of the CV19 pandemic.

The information that this type of conference produces is enormous and needs time to study, however, what always happened in the beginning was the
Media impact of the most relevant communications and announcements of the main speakers. In this case,
the first impression What we have is that the complex and worrying world news has influenced the great difficulty for the news about the Conference to have been able to gain a foothold in the general media.

This particular circumstance
allows to reflect on the difficulty of maintaining the necessary attention on certain issues of great importance and transcendence (but long-term), in this case the need for conservation and use of the oceans as a global task. It is very likely that the explosion of the general inflationary process (as a result of different causes, including the conjunctural one derived from the war in Europe), will last more or less, but it will pass, having produced undesirable economic and social effects of all dimensions and when this happens, the concerns and needs on the conservation and management of the world ocean will persist and will most likely have increased due to problems arising from the current crises.

In this sense, indicate that the
Ukrainian delegation in Lisbon, raised in his speech how the war could potentially become a global environmental catastrophe, noting that: «there are several thousand dead dolphins in the Black Sea; more of
20 natural parks and reserves are suffering damage and spills of polluting chemical substances as collateral effects or as part of the explosive elements used in war» also point out that this effect may not be limited to the Black Sea and may
spread to the Mediterranean.

For all this and not as a distraction or lack of attention to the pressing reality, but as part of the
collective responsibility and of the certainty of the effectiveness of the social distribution of missions and functions, it is necessary to maintain the effort and concrete work on strategic needs such as in this case those related to the present and future of the oceans.

As an advance of
rich and valuable information set that the Conference is producing, we will collect the central elements of the message of Antonio Guterres (UN Secretary General), in which he tries to specify the global vision and the direction of progress around four central ideas:

Invest in sustainable ocean economies: 'Healthy seas for a common future' based on the proven fact that points to goal 14 (of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals), as the one that has received the least support. This situation contrasts with the generalized information that points to the sustainable management of the oceans as a production support for society (more than 6 times of food and 40 times of renewable energies than today).

The second idea identified is how to replicate the
'success of the oceans' which comes to point out that the proper management of the common goods in the international ocean that their conservation entails requires preventing and reducing marine pollution of all kinds. Since most of the pollution in the oceans is of terrestrial origin, it projects the need and success of its control towards the coasts.

The third element identifies the need to protect people whose living conditions depend directly on marine resources and, with a broader vision, those who place their livelihoods in
Coast zones and they need the conditions of each space to be conserved and restored, at the same time that they require alarm systems for protection against catastrophes of marine origin or investment in infrastructures that are resilient to the foreseeable effects of climate change.

Finally, the Secretary General identified the clear need for more science and innovation to promote "a new chapter of global action on the oceans" which he specified in: an invitation to everyone to join the goal of
map 80% of the seabed by 2030; encourage the private sector to join associations that support research and sustainable ocean management; urge governments to be more ambitious in their actions for the recovery of the oceans and finally: extend to all people the need for commitment to ocean action.

In this initial approach to the content of the Conference, it makes sense to simultaneously show the strategic vision of the future made by the Secretary General, some of the visions that the
accompany with the same orientation (made by heads of organizations and countries), as an example of the multitude of information, concrete and relevant data that are also provided.

In this block you can indicate the
last installment of the Report: 'State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture' conducted by the Food and Fisheries Organization of the United Nations (FAO), with the specific focus
'Towards the blue transformation' and that it is undoubtedly the world reference document on these issues. Report from which the best approximation to data (referring to 2020) of maximum interest is obtained, among which the following should be noted due to their meaning:

The world production of
aquatic animals and algae it was 214 million tons; the value at first sale of this production 406,000 million US dollars; marine fishing 78.8 million tons; total workers were 58.2 million (21% women); Landings of sustainably exploited stocks were 82.5% in 2019 (3.8% more than in 2017).

These data are the maximum historical production to date, being 30% higher than the average for the decade (2000-2010). This increase is
consequence of the growth of aquaculturewhile fishing fell slightly (4% compared to the average of the last 3 years).

As a trend, a continued increase in aquaculture is expected until reaching
106 million tons in 2030 (probably at a slower rate of growth) and a 6% increase in fishing (until 2030 compared to 2020), as a result of a significant improvement in fisheries management, particularly based on the reduction of discards, waste and losses.

It is estimated that the
per capita consumption (CPC) of aquatic foods (excluding algae), will increase by 15% to reach 21.4 kg in 2030 as a continuation of the increase (at an average rate of 3%) since 1961. This rate has been twice as high as the world population growth, which has meant in practice doubling the world CPC since that date.

In this context of
growing global market, also knowing that the growth potential of the CPC in the Canary Islands (from the current value of 18.9 Kg Spanish minimum in 2020), is enormous and taking into account that: the objective conditions for its development are magnificent; the obvious business appeal; the contribution to the necessary economic diversification and job creation and providing the Autonomous Community with the necessary skills to promote and manage it properly... It is worth asking: why does aquaculture in the Canary Islands continue to weaken continuously?

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