Wed. Apr 24th, 2019

27% of Spaniards do not want to know anything about religion | Society

27% of Spaniards do not want to know anything about religion | Society


Francesc Romeu was ordained a priest more than 30 years ago. He is currently the parish priest of Santa Maria del Taulat in the Barcelona neighborhood of Poblenou. "Next Sunday is the celebration of Ramos. I've already asked the florist and she tells me that I'm going to make an absolute full. The plaza will be overflowing. On Holy Thursday I will return to reality and officiate for the few who come every day ", ironically. Romeu knows that society has changed a lot in these three decades. "Palm Sunday has become a ritual of life. I do not think it has increased Atheism or agnosticism. What happens is that people are increasingly indifferent to religion, "he says.

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EVOLUTION OF NON-BELIEVERS

In percentage of the population

Source: Fundación Ferrer i Guàrdia from INE and Barómetro del CIS.

The parish priest's perception coincides with the results of the report Laity in Figures, 2018 of the Ferrer i Guàrdia Foundation which ensures that 27% of Spaniards declare themselves "atheists, agnostics or non-believers". A "historical" percentage according to Sílvia Luque, director of the foundation that has crossed data, among others, from the barometer of the Center for Sociological Research (CIS) and the Statistics National Institute (INE) The percentage of non-believers has experienced a progressive increase from 1980 to the present. In 1980 only 8.5% of Spaniards were atheists or agnostics. In 1995, 16%, while in 2016 it had already risen to 25.9%.

The number of believers in Spain today stands at 69.5% although only 26.6% declare themselves to be practitioners, which, according to the technician Josep Mañé responsible for the report, represents a new "minimum". In the year 2000, 85.8% of Spaniards confessed to be believers and 50.4% also practicing. Regarding age groups, young people between 18 and 24 years old are the ones who believe least and that is almost on a par with those who confess to have faith. 48.5% have religious beliefs while 48.9% do not. On the other hand people over 65 are those who consider themselves more believers reaching 88.6%. "Francoism identified the State with the Church. Some structures that have penetrated in some age ranges ", explains Mañé. On the other hand, the vice-president of the Ferrer i Guardia Foundation, Vicenç Molina, maintains: "In reality metaphysical formulas have been changed by technological manifestations that are also dogmas, although this time of consumption".

ACCORDING TO AGE

As a percentage of the total

Source: Fundación Ferrer i Guàrdia from INE and Barómetro del CIS.

For Enrique Gil, sociologist and professor in Complutense University of Madrid, the decrease in the number of believers in the young population is due to a process of secularization and the result of modernization, schooling, remuneration and female emancipation. Gil explains that it is a trend that will increase in future generations. "The young people of today are less religious than yesterday but more than tomorrow. Religion is incompatible with scientific rationality. Therefore, as the new generations are increasingly schooled, with higher education, the general level of scientific rationalism increases, and consequently the pre-modern waste of religious superstition diminishes, "he argues.

The sociologist recognizes that over time "new non-institutional and mediatic sects have emerged," but stresses that, at the same time and to a greater extent, traditional, church-based religions are declining. "This affects especially the young generations who begin to socialize, as the older women are still immersed in the culture learned."

For Maria Lara, historian and anthropologist, throughout history, fear and uncertainty have been two of the factors that have most mobilized and paralyzed the masses, and what has led them to place religion at the top of its scale of values. "If you, between 14 and 24 years old, are studying and have the expenses paid by your parents, you have no worries. Given this lack of uncertainty, there is less need to resort to religion, "he says.

COMMITMENT TO RELIGION

In percentage of the population

Source: Fundación Ferrer i Guàrdia from INE and Barómetro del CIS.

Geographically there is an unequal distribution. Catalonia it is the autonomy with the highest proportion of non-believers, 39%, followed by the Basque Country, 36%, and the Balearic Islands, 32%. By contrast, the regions with the lowest proportion of atheists are Murcia, 9.2%, Aragón, 16%, Castilla la Mancha, 16.6% and Extremadura, 16.6%.

Marriages

The report of the Ferrer i Guardia Foundation maintains that in Spain, 80.2% of marriages are civil, compared to 19.8% Catholic or other confessions. An evolution that has completely turned around for 25 years. In 1992, 20.60% of marriages were civil, compared to 79.4% confessional. In 2002, 28.90% of the links were civil as opposed to 70.8% religious. In 2008, a balance was reached and from then on, civil marriages are chosen mostly by Spaniards. Catalonia is the autonomous community where fewer people get married by the church, only 9%, after it the Balearic Islands, 10.4%, and the Basque Country, 11.1%. On the other hand, in Ceuta the confessional marriages represent 47.5%, in Castilla-La Mancha 30.2% and in Extremadura 31.5%.

MARRIAGES

As a percentage of the total

Source: Fundación Ferrer i Guàrdia from INE and Barómetro del CIS.

Another trend is babies born out of wedlock, a figure that in 2017 represented 46.8% while in 1990 it was only 9.6%.

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