Absenteeism remains one of the pending subjects of the Spanish labor market. The great crisis softened the figures, but the economic recovery has again triggered the rates of absent from work. The Association of Mutual Accidents at Work has already advanced the gradual rise of absenteeism in the last five years; Adecco ratified it in a report that warned that sick leave was shot 5.3% last year, reaching its record high in Spain, even above those recorded before the economic crisis and with a cost estimated at 85,140 million euros. Now it has been the Oberta University of Catalonia (UOC) the one who has put her finger on the sore again.
As stated in a report two professors of Economics and Business, Mihaela Enache and Mar Sabadell, with data from Randstad, In 2018 there were 753,000 employees who did not go to work throughout the year, with an increase of 52,000 people compared to those accounted for in 2017. Of these, 263,000 were absent without permission and without presenting any justification for leaving.
This figure – based on a study prepared by Randstad with data referenced to the last quarter of 2018 – is a problem that directly affects business productivity, in addition to "generating an overload for the rest of the workforce" and, therefore, "a decrease in work quality ».
The report tries to explain the causes direct from the unjustified absence of thousands of workers. Sabadell believes that "absenteeism is no stranger to the progressive increase in psychosocial risks and work stress and the disorders of an increasingly digital society." The study points out that the reasons for the unexcused absenteeism can be located "around different variables related to the impossibility of having a reconciliation of work and family life, lack of motivation, low job satisfaction, poor integration and adaptation, a hostile work climate and wear professional".
The employer employer CEOE last year estimated at 6.9 billion euros the expenses for temporary disabilities, an increase of 9.67% over the previous year and the highest figure in the last four years. The total cost of absenteeism due to temporary disability – according to the data considered by Adecco cited in the report – amounted to 85,140 million euros last year, representing an increase of 10.02% year-on-year. Of these, the expenditure on economic benefits amounted to 4,498 million euros; The direct cost for the companies was 6,900 million, and the opportunity cost, in terms of production, rose to an excessive 70,741 million.
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