2019 will leave five eclipses, one partial and one total of Moon that will be visible from Spain, and another three of Sun (one partial, one total and one annular), according to the National Geographic Institute (IGN), dependent of the Ministry of Public Works.
The first phenomenon of this kind of the year will be the partial solar eclipse on January 5 and 6. This partial eclipse will be visible in northeastern Asia and the northern Pacific. It will begin on January 5 at 23.34 UTC hours (00.34 on day 6 in Spain), at a point in the province of Hebei (China), northeast of Beijing, and will move eastward through North Korea, Korea South, Japan, the eastern end of Russia and the northern Pacific.
The maximum eclipse will occur on January 6 at 1.41 UTC hours, at a point near the city of Srednekolimsk, in the Republic of Sakha (Russia). At that time, the magnitude of the eclipse will be 0.71. And the end of the eclipse will occur on day 6 at 3:49 UTC at a latitude of 43º North, at a point in the Pacific Ocean. The total duration of the phenomenon will be 255 minutes (4 hours and 15 minutes).
The second eclipse of the year will also occur in January. This is the total eclipse of Luna, which will take place On January 21 and will be visible in Western Asia, America, Africa and Europe, including Spain.
The beginning of the penumbra eclipse will take place at 2.35 hours UTC (3.35 peninsular hour). The partial will be visible from 3.32 UTC and the total from 4.39 UTC. This will be visible in the western half of Africa, Europe and America, and will end at 5.40 UTC, which will last 1 hour and 1 minute. The shadow eclipse will end at 6.47 UTC and the shadow eclipse at 7.44 UTC.
Only in western Europe, America and the Pacific Ocean, the eclipse will be visible in all its phases. Spain, being to the west of the old continent, will be one of the few European countries that can see the phenomenon in its entirety, although not in the whole country. According to the IGN, the best places for observation will be those located towards the west, so that in the eastern half of the peninsula and the Balearic Islands will not see all the phases, since the Moon will be hidden before the end of the phenomenon.
Two eclipses in July
Months later, there will be a total solar eclipse on July 2, which will be visible in the South Pacific and South America. This eclipse will begin at 4:55 pm UTC (17.55 Spanish peninsular time) at a point in the Pacific Ocean south of French Polynesia. The end of the eclipse will occur at 21.50 UTC at a point southeast of San Pablo de Lípez, in the department of Potosí (Bolivia). The total duration of the phenomenon will be 295 minutes (something less than 5 hours).
The total eclipse will start at 18.02 at a point in the Pacific Ocean east of New Zealand; It will cross the Pacific from west to east, it will enter Chile through the regions of Coquimbo and Atacama, it will pass to Argentina through the province of San Juan, continuing through La Rioja, San Luis, Córdoba and Santa Fe, until ending in the province of Buenos Aires. The total eclipse will end at 20.43 UTC at a point southeast of the city of Chacomús (Argentina). The total duration of the phenomenon will be 161 minutes (slightly less than 2 hours and 45 minutes).
The maximum of the eclipse will take place at 19:23 hours at a point in the Pacific Ocean north of Easter Island (Chile), with a maximum duration of 4 minutes and 33 seconds and the width of the shadow at the maximum about 201 kilometers.
Julio will leave another eclipse, a partial one of Luna on days 16 and 17, which will be visible in South America, Africa, Asia, Oceania and Europe, including Spain. The beginning of the penumbral eclipse will take place on the 16th at 18.44 UTC and will be visible in Oceania, Asia, East and Central Africa and Eastern Europe. The partial eclipse will begin at 20.02 UTC, reaching its maximum at 21.31 UTC, and ending at 22.59 UTC, being visible in Oceania, Asia, Europe, Africa and South America.
The eclipse will end on the 17th at 0.17 UTC, and may be seen in its final phases in Western Asia, Europe, Africa, South America and the Far East of North America.
Annular Eclipse of Sun
The year will close with an annular solar eclipse on December 26. It will be visible as partial in the extreme east of Africa, Asia and in the northern half of Oceania and will start at 2.30 am UTC in the Arabian Sea, off the coast of Oman, and end at 8.06 UTC at one point of the Pacific Ocean south of the island of Guam. The total duration of the phenomenon will be 336 minutes (just over 5 and a half hours).
The annular eclipse will start at 3:36 northwest of Al-Hofuf (Saudi Arabia). It will cross Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman, it will cross the Arabian Sea and will touch land in southern India and northern Sri Lanka. It will then enter Southeast Asia through the island of Sumatra (Indonesia), Singapore and the island of Borneo (Indonesia and Malaysia) to finally enter the Pacific Ocean across the island of Guam (United States).
The annular eclipse will end at 6.59 at a latitude at a point in the Pacific Ocean west of Wake Island (United States). The annularity will be visible in many cities. For example, in Doha (Qatar) the duration of the annulment will be 35 seconds, in Coimbatore (India) 3 minutes and 4 seconds, in Padangsidempuan (Indonesia) 3 minutes and 31 seconds, in Singapore (Singapore) 2 minutes and 20 seconds, in Kota Samarahan (Malaysia) 1 minute and 56 seconds and in the island of Guam (United States) 3 minutes and 10 seconds.
The maximum of the annular eclipse will occur at 5.18 UTC near the Meranti Islands, in Sumatra (Indonesia). The maximum magnitude of the phenomena will be 0.97 and its maximum duration of 3 minutes and 39 seconds.