Lto popular wisdom and common sense tell us that a penalty is almost a goal. But it was necessary to quantify the almost. A recent analysis of just under 100,000 maximum penalties, launched between 2009 and September 2018, has just resolved the doubt:75.49% of the throws went up to the scoreboard, while 17.57% was stopped by the goalkeepers, 4.07% went wide and only 2.87% went off the post. Although, in addition to determining the probability of success, the study sheds light on the best strategies to achieve it.
One of the main conclusions is thatthe most experienced pitchers, both playing and assuming maximum penalties, offer the most guarantees, and even more if they are front and are used to marking also with the ball rolling. But, as in everything, there are exceptions, and the psychologist also counts: for example, if someone has failed a penalty, it is more likely to miss the next one.
The data, collected and analyzed by InStat,rThey reflect what happened during this decade in a total of 1,017 professional and semi-professional soccer tournaments, both male and female, distributed in 201 countries.. In Spain, for example, it has been studied from First to Third, in addition to the Copa del Rey.
Another conclusion that caught the attention of those responsible for the study is related to the techniques of running and shooting: the best, always according to the statistics, is to reach the ball with an average speed and hit it gently."The method of the 'powerful' shot is the least reliable, in 28% of cases, it does not become a goal, the 'accurate' shots are the most efficient: the softer the shot, the greater the possibility of scoring", reveals InStat's report, which Primera Plana has had access to.
But, where to point?"We were surprised that the most effective area to direct the shot is the upper left corner," says Jos Luis Palomino, regional director of the company. In contrast, "the least safe area is the top center", due to the high percentage of shots that hit the crossbar or go high.
If they had to summarize the multiple conclusions of these ten years by observing penalties, those responsible for InStat will opt for the following "advice", as simple in the theory as, at times, complicated to execute in the heat of the moment: "The technician must take full control of the shooter's choice. The player in the field is affected by emotions, fatigue and many other factors. The coach is the one who sees the whole picture. There are times when the players say: 'Take the penalty kick'. Sometimes, the coach must stop them if he understands that the player is overwhelmed by emotions or physically exhausted, "ditch Palomino.
Of course, both in sports and in life, statistics are about to break down … or not!
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